The Special Projects of National Significance (SPNS) Enhancing Linkages to HIV Primary Care and Services in Jail Settings initiative was a five-year multi-site demonstration and evaluation of HIV service delivery interventions in correctional settings. This initiative funded 10 demonstration sites to design, implement, and evaluate innovative methods for linking people living with HIV (PLWH) in jail settings, or recently released from local jail, into community-based HIV primary care and ancillary services. Interventions included flexible case management strategies that promoted durable linkages and appropriate follow-ups as PLWH were released from jail into their local communities. Emory University School of Public Health, the Evaluation and Support Center (ESC) for this initiative, assessed the effectiveness of the interventions in providing linkages to HIV primary care services for PLWH newly released from jail, and integrating services for them within their communities' HIV care continuum. The initiative promoted greater collaboration among correctional facilities, public health agencies, and community-based organizations. Successful interventions were initiated with PLWH while they were in jail, and then coordinated upon their release.
Demonstration project grant recipients in this initiative included: AID Atlanta (GA); AIDS Care Group (Chester PA); Baystate Medical Center (Springfield, MA); Care Alliance Health Center (Cleveland, OH); Miriam Hospital (Providence, RI); New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (Rikers Island, NY); Philadelphia FIGHT (PA); University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health (Chicago, IL); University of South Carolina Research Foundation (Columbia, SC); and Yale University (New Haven, CT).