High rates of retention and viral suppression in the US HIV safety net system: HIV care continuum in the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, 2011

HRSA-Authored Article

Authors

Journal

Clinical Infectious Diseases

Publication Year

2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care continuum, retention in HIV medical care and viral suppression are key goals to improve individual health outcomes and reduce HIV transmission. National data from clinical providers are lacking.

METHODS: HIV providers funded by the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) annually report demographic, service, and clinical data using encrypted unique client identifiers, and data are processed and de-duplicated to create a single record for each client. We calculated retention and viral suppression for clients who received RWHAP-funded HIV medical care in 2011. We conducted multivariate logistic regression to identify factors associated with these outcomes.

RESULTS: In 2011, an estimated 512 911 HIV-infected clients received at least 1 RWHAP-funded non-AIDS Drug Assistance Program service. Of these, 317 458(61.8%) were seen for at least 1 HIV medical care visit. Of these, 82.2% were retained in HIV medical care, and 72.6% achieved viral suppression. Viral suppression was higher among retained clients (77.7%) vs clients who were not retained (58.3%). The lowest levels of retention and viral suppression were among individuals aged 13-34 years.

CONCLUSIONS: The RWHAP provides HIV medical care and support services for more than half a million poor and underinsured individuals living with HIV in the United States. Rates of retention and viral suppression are relatively high compared with other national estimates but demonstrate room for improvement, especially among youth and racial minorities. Additional improvements in retention and viral suppression will contribute to achieving the goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy and improve individual and public health.

PubMed Link

High rates of retention and viral suppression in the US HIV safety net system: HIV care continuum in the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, 2011
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Categories

HIV Clinical Outcomes