Factors Associated with State Variation in Mortality Among Persons Living with Diagnosed HIV Infection

HRSA-Authored Article

Authors

Journal

J Community Health

Publication Year

2019

Abstract

In the United States, the all-cause mortality rate among persons living with diagnosed HIV infection (PLWH) is almost twice as high as among the general population. We aimed to identify amendable factors that state public health programs can influence to reduce mortality among PLWH. Using generalized estimating equations (GEE), we estimated age-group-specific models (24-34, 35-54, >/= 55 years) to assess the association between state-level mortality rates among PLWH during 2010-2014 (National HIV Surveillance System) and amendable factors (percentage of Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) clients with viral suppression, percentage of residents with healthcare coverage, state-enacted anti-discrimination laws index) while controlling for sociodemographic nonamendable factors. Controlling for nonamendable factors, states with 5% higher viral suppression among RWHAP clients had a 3-5% lower mortality rates across all age groups [adjusted Risk Ratio (aRR): 0.95, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.92-0.99 for 24-34 years, aRR: 0.97, 95%CI: 0.94-0.99 for 35-54 years, aRR: 0.96, 95%CI: 0.94-0.99 for >/= 55 years]; states with 5% higher health care coverage had 4-11% lower mortality rate among older age groups (aRR: 0.96, 95%CI: 0.93-0.99 for 34-54 years; aRR: 0.89, 95%CI: 0.81-0.97 for >/= 55 years); and having laws that address one additional area of anti-discrimination was associated with a 2-3% lower mortality rate among older age groups (aRR: 0.98, 95%CI: 0.95-1.00 for 34-54 years; aRR: 0.97, 95%CI: 0.94-0.99 for >/= 55 years). The mortality rate among PLWH was lower in states with higher levels of residents with healthcare coverage, anti-discrimination laws, and viral suppression among RWHAP clients. States can influence these factors through programs and policies.

PubMed Link

Factors Associated with State Variation in Mortality Among Persons Living with Diagnosed HIV Infection
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Categories

HIV Clinical Outcomes, Key Populations