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Women and AIDS

Women living with HIV/AIDS often place the needs of their families ahead of their own, including health care. Ryan White outreach and primary care programs empower these women to live longer, healthier lives and HRSA works to better educate providers to address the unique needs of this population.


Gay Men

Gay men have been heavily impacted by HIV/AIDS since the beginning of the epidemic. Gay men have helped lead the way towards creating high standards of culturally competent care and integral to the creation and direction of the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program.


Cultural Competency

Culturally competent service providers are crucial to recruiting and retaining people living with HIV/AIDS into primary care, particularly when they are members of historically disenfranchised communities and populations such as people of color, gay men, women, and substance users.



Ryan White confidentiality guidelines have helped allay the fears that many people living with HIV have around unwanted disclosure and HIV discrimination.


Treatment Advances

The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program ensures people living with HIV/AIDS have access to the latest treatments, including life-saving AIDS medications. Advances in vaccine and pharmaceutical research promise new ways to treat, and perhaps halt, HIV infection in the future.



African-Americans are the racial and ethnic group most disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic.  By providing culturally competent, comprehensive care the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program is committed to turning this tide.



Wonderful advances in treatment have brought with them the promise of longer life for people living with HIV. The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program has been there, growing with the people it serves and ensuring that the program’s aging patients have many years of good health and happiness to look forward to, every step of the way.



Stigma represents one of the most complex and pervasive barriers to health care for people living with HIV/AIDS. From the beginning, the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program has fought against the discrimination and isolation that stigma creates, a commitment that helps more people engage and remain in care.


Rural Challenges

In rural America, unique challenges add to the complexity of providing care for people living with HIV/AIDS. The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program is, thus, a critical source of support in remote areas, helping patients overcome barriers to care as well as providing technical assistance for providers.


Young People

Youth represent the only age group in the United States still experiencing increases in HIV diagnoses. The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program is working tirelessly to find ways of reaching more of these at-risk young people and providing the kind of comprehensive, responsive care that can change lives.



Issues in the Epidemic: HRSA Leads the Charge

For people living with HIV/AIDS, getting the right care has always been about more than just medicine. It has meant finding providers who understand and respond to their unique needs—not just their diagnosis.

Experience has shown time and again that this targeted approach is the best way to create quality care and improved quality of life for people living with HIV/AIDS. That's why HRSA has worked tirelessly since the beginning of the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program to make sure each individual has ever-improving access to treatment and health care services.

Over the course of the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program issues such as confidentiality, cultural competency, and treatment advances have emerged as have targeted efforts to reach disproportionately affected groups such as women and men who have sex with men.

There have been many issues pivotal to HIV/AIDS care and the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program in particular. While not exhaustive, the essays found here help create a snapshot of these particular topics, provide valuable insight into the innovative and inclusive approaches surrounding these issues, and educate all readers about how the program has successfully responded to a range of consumer needs.